*  Gender identity disorder
 

1. Gender identity ; a broad concept that includes all those characteristics that compose each individual's combination of masculinity and feminity, determined by a wide array of biological, psychological, social and cultural factors.

2. Gender identity is built on the foundation of what Stoller refers to as core gender identity.

3. Core gender identity ; the most primitive, conscious and unconscious, sense of belonging to one sex and not the other.  

 --  It is part of, but not identical with the broad sense of gender identity.
   (many factors contribute to the formation of core gender identity that are                physiological and biological forces, psychological factors, object relations, ego            functions, and cognitive capacities)
 -- biological and anatomical, social and psychological influences

  (1) Core gender identity starts as a biological force in the fetus; the sex hormones to which the fetus is exposed make a significant contribution to it. and anatomy and physiology.
  (2) Sexual assignment at birth leads the parents to handle the infant in a particular        way
  (3) The mother's fantasies and expectations during pregnancy are thought to influence her initial responses to her infant.
  (4) The degree to which the woman is able to resolve earlier conflicts and integrate earlier wishes and fantasies has a profound effect on her earliest response to and handling of her baby.
  (5)  Father's role ; woman's successful adaptation to pregnancy is facilitated by her husband's support.  Also, the relationship with the husband may provide a buffer against a mother's tendency for extreme regression.
  (6)  Father's prenatal fantasies influence his later handling of the infant, just as with the mother.
 

 (7)  Fathers can optimally facilitate the eventual resolution of rapprochement conflict by helping to break the exclusive mother-infant tie, thus rendering anal-rapprochement conflict a less noxious influence on gender development.  Fathers also convey a view of masculinity that their sons tend to see as ideal.
  (8) Also accrues(증가) from the sense of infant makes about his or her own body.  this early sense of self(15-18month) based on an emerging body image makes important contributions to core gender identity.

  Between age two and three more clear-cut signs of gender awareness can be observed, as boys take on masculine characteristics and girls assume feminine ones.  By this time, core gender identity is so well established that it is generally considered to be unalterable.

  Although core gender identity is established in the first few years of life, the broader sense of gender identity continues to become more and more elaborate over the course of development.  At various developmental stages contributions are made from selective identifications with each parent.
  The final outcome, therefore, is a gender identity that represents a blending of many elements from many developmental stages.


4. Gender-role identity
  ; gender-based patterning of conscious and unconscious interactions with other people.

5. Sexual-partner orientation
  ; one's preference regarding the sex of the chosen love object.