* Gender identity disorder
1. Gender identity ; a broad concept that includes all those characteristics that compose each individual's combination of masculinity and feminity, determined by a wide array of biological, psychological, social and cultural factors.
2. Gender identity is built on the foundation of what Stoller refers to as core gender identity.
3. Core gender identity ; the most primitive, conscious and unconscious, sense of belonging to one sex and not the other.
-- It is part of, but not identical with the broad
sense of gender identity.
(1) Core gender identity starts as a biological force
in the fetus; the sex hormones to which the fetus is exposed make
a significant contribution to it. and anatomy and physiology.
(7) Fathers can optimally facilitate the eventual
resolution of rapprochement conflict by helping to break the exclusive
mother-infant tie, thus rendering anal-rapprochement conflict a
less noxious influence on gender development. Fathers also
convey a view of masculinity that their sons tend to see as ideal.
Between age two and three more clear-cut signs of gender awareness can be observed, as boys take on masculine characteristics and girls assume feminine ones. By this time, core gender identity is so well established that it is generally considered to be unalterable.
Although core gender identity is established in the
first few years of life, the broader sense of gender identity continues
to become more and more elaborate over the course of development.
At various developmental stages contributions are made from
selective identifications with each parent.
5. Sexual-partner orientation